The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) defines a device-independent framework for managing networks. Devices on the network are described by MIB (Management Information Base) variables that are supplied by the vendor of the device. An SNMP agent runs on each node of the network, and interacts with a Network Manager node. The Network Manager can query the agent to get or set the values of its MIB variables, there by monitoring or controlling the agent’s node. The agent can also asynchronously generate messages called traps to notify the manager of exceptional events. There are a number of applications available for monitoring and managing networks using the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
LifeKeeper has an event notification mechanism for registering applications that wish to be notified of specific events or alarms (see the sendevent(5) man page). LifeKeeper can be easily enabled to send SNMP trap notification of key LifeKeeper events to a third party network management console wishing to monitor LifeKeeper activity.
The remote management console receiving SNMP traps must first be configured through the administration software of that system; LifeKeeper provides no external SNMP configuration. The remote management server is typically located outside of the LifeKeeper cluster (i.e., it is not a LifeKeeper node).
LifeKeeper Events Table
The following table contains the list of LifeKeeper events and associated trap numbers. The entire Object ID (OID) consists of a prefix followed by a specific trap number in the following format:
prefix.0.specific trap number
The prefix is .18.104.22.168.4.1.7359, which expands to iso.org.dod.internet.private.enterprises.7359 in the MIB tree. (7359 is SteelEye’s [SIOS Technology] enterprise number, followed by 1 for LifeKeeper.) For example, the LifeKeeper Startup Complete event generates the OID: .22.214.171.124.4.1.73126.96.36.199.
|LifeKeeper Event/Description||Trap #||Object ID|
LifeKeeper Startup Complete
Sent from a node when LifeKeeper is started on that node
LifeKeeper Shutdown Initiated
Sent from a node beginning LifeKeeper shutdown
LifeKeeper Shutdown Complete
Sent from a node completing LifeKeeper shutdown
LifeKeeper Manual Switchover Initiated on Server
Sent from the node from which a manual switchover was requested
LifeKeeper Manual Switchover Complete – recovered list
Sent from the node where the manual switchover was completed
LifeKeeper Manual Switchover Complete – failed list
Sent from each node within the cluster where the manual switchover failed
LifeKeeper Node Failure Detected for Server
Sent from each node within the cluster when a node in that cluster fails
LifeKeeper Node Recovery Complete for Server – recovered list
Sent from each node within the cluster that has recovered resources from the failed node
LifeKeeper Node Recovery Complete for Server – failed list
Sent from each node within the cluster that has failed to recover resources from the failed node
LifeKeeper Resource Recovery Initiated
Sent from a node recovering a resource; a 131 or 132 trap always follows to indicate whether the recovery was completed or failed.
LifeKeeper Resource Recovery Failed
Sent from the node in trap 130 when the resource being recovered fails to come into service
LifeKeeper Resource Recovery Complete
Sent from the node in trap 130 when the recovery of the resource is completed
LifeKeeper Communications Path Up
A communications path to a node has become operational
LifeKeeper Communications Path Down
A communications path to a node has gone down
| LifeKeeper <Node Monitoring> Failure
Sent from a node where a failure was detected with Node Monitoring of the Standby Node Health Check. Detected failure is described in <Node Monitoring>.
| LifeKeeper <OSUquickCheck> Failure
Sent from a node where a failure was detected with OSU Resource Monitoring of the Standby Node Health Check. Tag name of the resource where the failure was detected is described in <OSUquickCheck>.
|The following variables are used to “carry” additional information in the trap PDU:|
|List of recovered resources||111||.188.8.131.52.4.1.7359.1.3|
|List of recovered resources||121||.184.108.40.206.4.1.7359.1.3|
|List of failed resources||112||.220.127.116.11.4.1.7359.1.4|
|List of failed resources||122||.18.104.22.168.4.1.7359.1.4|
* This trap may appear multiple times if recovery fails on multiple backup servers.
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