How to properly use AWS instance storage (ephemeral storage/disk)

  • If SIOS AMIs are not being deployed on an AWS server, these disk initialization steps must be considered. This was introduced with Windows 2016 and continues in later releases.
    • AWS ephemeral storage (Instance Store) must be initialized every time a node starts up from a “cold” shutdown (i.e. having been shut down in the AWS Console or from a CLI “shutdown /s” from Windows – not a reboot).
    • Windows 2012 R2 performs this step automatically (Ec2Config service). AWS includes scripts (EC2Launch) to perform this initialization but the script has to be manually scheduled by the user so that it runs at boot time.
    • The SIOS AMIs on AWS have this task set up automatically. If you launch your own Windows image in AWS and fail to set the script up to run at boot, and you are using ephemeral storage for bitmaps (as recommended in Best Practices), the bitmap file/volume will be missing and DataKeeper mirrors will not recreate.

  • Launch Disk Management and make sure the ephemeral storage is on-line, healthy, and is assigned the volume letter you selected for the ephemeral storage.
  • Ensure that the drive/drive letter assigned to the ephemeral storage is listed in the registry located at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\ExtMirr\Parameters . . . BitmapBaseDir

Note: Apply this workaround to all nodes in the cluster.


Schedule the EC2Launch script to run at boot time on each system in the cluster to ensure that the ephemeral storage is always available.
How to change the hostname of an existing license

  • From the License Support menu select List License

  • Select the checkbox for the license you want to change (you can only do one license at a time)

  • Click the Action dropdown and select Repair

  • Enter the new hostname

  • Select Repair then select Complete
How to deploy OpenJDK on LifeKeeper
Download OpenJDK, the Windows x64 Installer, from

Deploy the software on the Target node first

In LifeKeeper, perform a switchover/In-Service

Repeat the steps above on other Target(s) after the switchovers are completed

Note: This is a Highly Available deployment as you are never installing the software on the Source/Active node.

From a Command Prompt

type javac -version

Your output should be as follows:

“C:\Windows\system32>javac -version javac 14.0.1”

If not, you may need to add the following to your Systems Variable PATH/environment:

  • Control Panel\System and Security\System\System Properties\
  • Select the Advance Tab
  • Select Startup and Recovery
  • Select Environment Variables…
  • Select Path and then Edit

    Add C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-14.0.1\bin to your string to reflect the following in the example below:

    C:\Program Files (x86)\Common
    Files\Microsoft SQL Server\Client SDK\ODBC\110\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\120\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\120\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\120\DTS\Binn\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\120\Tools\Binn\ManagementStudio\;C:\Program
    Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\120\DTS\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-14.0.1\bin

    Perform the aforementioned on all nodes in your cluster(s).
How to recreate a mirror for an existing clustered DataKeeper Resource


A customer may have experienced some issues where a DataKeeper Resource is listed as Offline via Windows Server Failover Cluster.

Note: An existing job in the DataKeeper GUI will most likely have a RED X status


Remove all of the old mirror remnants from the Source and Target nodes Manually recreate the mirror via the emcmd . createmirror command

To remove the mirror configuration from both nodes:

  • cd %extmirrbase%/support (This is a shortcut to the DataKeeper\Support directory)
  • run “cleanupmirror (drive letter)Note: Run this command on the Source first. This command performs the following:
    • deletes the local mirror only (NO DATA)
    • resets the switchover flag
    • notifies the driver and service that no mirror is present

To verify that the mirror has been properly removed, execute the following:

  • cd extmirrbase (This is a shortcut to the DataKeeper directory)
  • run “emcmd . getmirrorvolinfo (drive letter)
    The output should reflect no mirror e.g. 0 servername 0

Now you are in a position to manually recreate the mirror.

The syntax is as follows:

  • emcmd (Source IP) createmirror (drive letter) (Target IP) A or S (Async mirror/Sync Mirror)
    Upon completion, the DataKeeper UI will now reflect a Resyncing status. This can also can be verified from a command line by executing:
  • emcmd . getmirrorvolinfo e
    The output will reflect “E: 1 servername (Target IP) 2, where 2 is a mirror definition, indicating a Resyncing status

    Return to Windows Failover Clustering and online the Failed DataKeeper Resource
How to determine what GPOs have been applied to a server


Group Policy Objects are sometimes deployed or redeployed after a server is rebooted impacting the way the LifeKeeper (GUI) or DataKeeper may or may not perform.


There are two methods:

From Start\Run enter rsop.msc
  • The console will provide a list of policies that have been applied to a server
Or from an elevated command prompt, enter gpresult /Scope Computer /v
  • This output will display a list of policies that have been applied to a server

    Note: To determine what GPOs are being enforced per a user, enter gpresult /Scope user /v


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