There are a couple of special considerations to take into account when configuring SPS to use an NFS file server (Network Attached Storage) as cluster storage.
Use the NAS Recovery Kit
The optional Network Attached Storage (NAS) Recovery Kit is required when using an NFS server as a shared storage array with SPS for Linux. Install the NAS Recovery Kit (and a license) on each cluster node. See the NAS Recovery Kit documentation for more details.
Possible Error Message
When using Network Attached Storage (NAS) with Sybase ASE, you may experience Sybase not restarting following a failover due to a system crash. The Sybase error log should indicate the cause of the error.
Sybase ASE 15.x
00:00:00000:00000:2011/05/09 16:08:51.66 kernel Adaptive Server Enterprise(Developer Edition)
00:00:00000:00000:2011/05/09 16:08:51.66 kernel basis_dlock: file ‘/s10/sybase-data155/data/master.dat’ already in use by an ASE
00:00:00000:00000:2011/05/09 16:08:51.66 kernel kdconfig: unable to read primary master device
00:00:00000:00000:2011/05/09 16:08:51.66 server kiconfig: read of config block failed
This indicates that the Sybase dataserver has set an NFS lock on the file “master.dat” on the NFS file system that is being controlled by SPS. The lock was not cleared by the system crash, so SPS is unable to bring the dataserver back into service. Sybase thinks that some other process is using the master.dat file.
To fix this, mount the NFS file system that will hold master.dat with the “nolock” NFS option before the File System resource is created. By default, NFS allows file locks to be set. If the “nolock” option is used before resource creation, SPS will pick up this option and use it each time it brings the file system resource in service. Since SPS will be controlling access (from the cluster nodes) to the file system containing master.dat, the lock is not typically critical. The NFS mount options used during testing were “rw,sync,tcp,nfsvers=3,noac,nolock”.
It is not necessary to use the “nolock” on other file systems used by the Sybase resource hierarchy such as the file system where the Sybase ASE binaries are located.
If the NAS File System resource has already been created without the “nolock” option set, use the following procedure to change the mount option:
- Using the LifeKeeper GUI, take the file system resource that needs to be changed out of service. This can be done from the LifeKeeper GUI putting the pointer on the file system resource and doing a right mouse click, and select "Out of Service" from the drop-down menu. This action may take parent resources out of service as well.
- Confirm the "Out of Service" action and allow the process to complete.
- Once the file system resource is out of service, you can put the pointer on the resource and do another right mouse click, and from the drop-down menu, select "Change Mount Options".
- In the popup window, add "nolock" to the line of options, and click "Set Value." You will need to repeat steps 3 and 4 for each node in the cluster.
- Bring the NAS File System resource back in service by doing a right mouse click, and selecting "In Service".
- The File System resource’s property panel should now reflect that "nolock" is one of the current mount options.