When replicating large amounts of data over a WAN link, it is desirable to avoid full resynchronizations which can consume large amounts of network bandwidth and time. DataKeeper avoids almost all full resyncs by using its bitmap technology. However, the initial synchronization of the data, which occurs when the mirror is first created, cannot be avoided.
In WAN configurations, one way to avoid the initial full synchronization of data across the WAN is to configure both systems on a LAN, create the mirror and allow the initial full synchronization to occur across the LAN. Once the initial synchronization is complete, update the IP addresses for the source and target, which will place the mirror in the Paused state. Move the target system to its new location. Once the target system is in place, power it on and verify all network settings, including the IP address that was updated. On the source system, run the CHANGEMIRRORENDPOINTS command. The mirror will be CONTINUED and only a partial resync (the changes that have occurred on the source volume since the mirror was PAUSED) of the data is necessary to bring the TARGET volume in sync with the SOURCE.
In the example below, a mirror is created locally in the primary site, and then the target will be moved to remote site. The source server is assigned the IP address 172.17.100.1, and the target server is assigned the IP address 172.17.100.2. The WAN network IP is 88.17.100.x,
- Using the DataKeeper UI, create a mirror on Volume X from 172.17.100.1 to 172.17.100.2. Note: Connecting to the target by name is recommended so DNS name resolution later will automatically resolve to the new IP address.
Once the initial sync of the data is complete,
- Update the IP address for the network adapter for the source to 22.214.171.124 and update the IP address for the network adapter on the target to 126.96.36.199. This will place the mirror on the source side into the PAUSED state.
- Ship the target machine to its new location.
- Power on the target machine and verify all network settings, including the IP address updated above.
- On the source system, open a DOS command window and change directory to the DataKeeper directory by executing the following command:
- Run the following command to update the existing mirror endpoints to the new IP addresses:
EMCMD 172.17.100.1 CHANGEMIRRORENDPOINTS X 172.17.100.2 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206
- DataKeeper will resync the changes that have occurred on the source server while the target server was unreachable.
- When this partial resync is complete, the mirror will change to the MIRRORING state.
Verifying Data on the Target Volume
By design, DataKeeper locks the target volume. This prevents the file system from writing to the target volume while the replication is occurring. However, DataKeeper does provide a mechanism to unlock the target volume and allow read/write access to it while the mirror is still in place. There are two methods to do this:
- Pause the mirror and unlock the target volume via the Pause and Unlock mirror option in the DataKeeper UI.
- Use the DataKeeper command line interface (EMCMD) to pause the mirror (PAUSEMIRROR) and unlock the target volume (UNLOCKVOLUME).
Once unlocked, the target volume is completely accessible. When finished inspecting the target volume, be sure to continue the mirror to re-lock the target volume and allow DataKeeper to resync any changes that occurred on the source volume while the mirror was paused. Any writes made to the target volume while it was unlocked will be lost when the mirror is continued.